We’ve talked a lot about how education is a global crisis, but now it’s time to talk about the other side of the coin: the lack of funds.
We’re talking about teachers, principals, and administrators, all of whom are struggling to make ends meet and keep up with the rising cost of living in America.
To understand how teachers are struggling and how their schools are going to be impacted, it’s important to start by examining the history of education funding.
“Education funding is really a very, very old idea,” says Matthew Hagan, director of education at the education nonprofit Institute for Education Policy and Governance.
Since the 19th century, states have been funding education by establishing schools, creating vocational schools, and setting aside money for educational and other infrastructure needs.
But after World War II, states started to diversify their education funding formulas.
The new funding formula, which began in the 1980s, shifted money from public schools and universities to vocational and non-profit education.
That meant that schools that were previously funded primarily by the government were now receiving money from non-profits and the government itself.
States that have historically been funded largely by the state or by their localities have since received less funding than states that are now receiving less state money.
This new funding model meant that public schools were spending less money on classroom instruction and curriculum, but more on administrative costs, staff training, and other administrative costs.
In addition, states began to spend a lot of money on their own, charter schools, which have become more popular over the past decade and a half, partly due to increased scrutiny from state officials.
As a result, schools are underfunded, and students are graduating at lower rates.
A lot of this funding problem has to do with changing demographics, says Hagan.
Today, most states are majority-minority, which means that their student populations are disproportionately white.
So in addition to the fact that there’s less funding for students of color, states are also under-funding their teachers, who are often minority, as well.
Teachers often work longer hours and are more likely to be laid off than their peers.
This means that, as a result of the lack in funding, teachers have less time to teach and more time to manage other aspects of the school day, including school hours, discipline, and extracurricular activities.
These issues are not new, but they have become especially acute in recent years.
During the Obama years, the United States was spending a lot more on education than it did during most of its previous administrations.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, for example, we spent $1,069,531,933 on education in 2016, an increase of nearly $10,000 from 2015.
And according to the U.S. Department of Education, this increase in spending was partially due to an increase in federal funding.
In 2015, the federal government increased funding by $11.6 billion, a $6.4 billion increase.
That money was mostly used to fund higher education and vocational programs.
However, in 2016 the federal spending on education was $7.7 billion, down $1.3 billion from 2015, while the states spending was up $2.4 trillion, up $1 billion from 2016.
Now that the economy is slowly improving, states and school districts are finding that spending on their classrooms has decreased over the years.
But despite that, teachers still struggle to pay the bills and have less money for classroom instruction.
“I think that teachers, their families, their kids, and their communities are looking at these numbers and saying, ‘Wow, these numbers are really hard to keep up,'” Hagan says.
“So you have this enormous gap between what the federal funding is and what states are spending.”
In the last year, however, we’ve seen a big change in how states are funding schools.
As we’ve discussed in the past, states will start to take on more of the financial burden of the crisis and will begin to invest more money in their own schools.
Specifically, states in states where there are fewer charter schools are beginning to invest in their schools.
Some states are putting more money into their own school systems and are spending more on teachers.
In many states, states that have increased the amount of money they’re putting into schools have seen an increase that is not reflected in the funding gap.
It’s not just charter schools that are investing more in their classrooms.
Private school choice is gaining traction across the country.
The number of charter schools has more than doubled since 2010, and now more than half of all public schools have access to vouchers.
There are also more students enrolled in private school options, according to Education Week.
While public schools may still struggle financially, the private school sector is making big gains in terms of funding.